20.5m2+ / 220 sq ft antique faux mosaique themed floor - 1933
An antique French ceramic encaustic floor of 14cm sq, 15mm thick tiles, with its original same size border tiles.
The floor, in a faux mosaique design, was manufactured by Societe Generale de Carrelages et produits Ceramiques, Usine de Feignies, the brand being Sand & Cie. We include in the photograph gallery scans from their original catalogue displaying the tiles and a tariff page within the catalogue dates the floor to 1933.
The floor has cleaned well, as evidenced by the high resolution photographs of a 1.25m2 randomly selected section of the floor. The same size borders can be laid singulary or back to back, as shown in the photographs. Being a highly fired tile, to c.1,100 degrees F, it can be laid inside or outside of the home and will work very efficiently with under floor heating systems.
The floor totals 20.5m2 / 220 sq ft.
Tile quantities by tile type, give or take one or two:-
FIELD - 840 tiles - 16.5m2 / 177 sq. ft.
BORDERS - 208 tiles plus 4 corners - 4.2m2 / 45 sq ft. or 29.8 linear metres / 98 linear ft*
* halve the lengths if a back to back lay is planned.
Antique tiles were most commonly made in single or two tile moulds. Before current computer automation methods their moulds were made my hand and the colour slips mixed by eye. Kiln temperatures could also be variable, as could the firing time. The result is that often tiles display subtle size and thickness variations and there can be tonal variations in colours, owing to the slip mixing and/or firing time. All of this makes these handmade tiles unique and adds to their charm. Some floors display their subtle variations in size and tones, some not, but when photographing we always take a random section of the floor so that it is representative of the whole. A tiler should always dry lay a section of the tiles to familiarise himself with them before starting to fix lay.